Another Day in the Philippines

The boat captain, on my hour-long boat ride leaving the capital, preferred to sit on the banka's roof and steer with his feet.
The boat captain, on my hour-long boat ride leaving the capital, preferred to sit on the banka’s roof and steer with his feet.

The Famero Clan along with their imported American children during the summer family reunion, including Mommy Jean and Daddy Bar, six children and many grandchildren
The Famero Clan along with their imported American children during the summer family reunion, including Mommy Jean and Daddy Bar, six children and many grandchildren

Sunset yoga on the beach near my house.
Sunset yoga on the beach near my house.

Ornate Ghost Pipefish, yes it is a fish and really great at camouflage!
Ornate Ghost Pipefish, yes it is a fish and really great at camouflage!

Cane toad, I see these everywhere here! Especially as roadkill
Cane toad, I see these everywhere here! Especially as roadkill

Isabel, the granddaughter of Ate Lorie who runs this daycare and also coordinates a scholarship program for children in need.
Isabel, the granddaughter of Ate Lorie who runs this daycare and also coordinates a scholarship program for children in need.

A school of cardinal fish on a small wreck
A school of cardinal fish on a small wreck

iSeahorse: Saving Mr. Mom

Which of the following is a fish?

  1. Jellyfish
  2. Starfish
  3. Seahorse
  4. All / None / Some combination?

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Surprisingly, jellyfish and starfish would be more appropriately named jellies and seastars, because both are invertebrates and therefore not fish. However, the seahorse, which evolved from a pipefish, possesses a backbone, uses a swim bladder to control its buoyancy, breathes through gills, and utilizes fins to move through the water. Therefore, unlike jellies and seastars, a seahorse is a fish! Although seahorses are clearly not your standard fish, they do not have scales and instead have an exoskeleton of hard fused plates. Their jaws are also fused making a long snout, which they use to suck up tiny fish and plankton. Seahorses possess a prehensile tail that wraps around algae or coral to anchor it to the sea floor. And finally, their eyes move independently of one another.

This past week I attended a workshop entitled, “Saving Mr. Mom: The Power of Citizen Science in Seahorse Conservation,” in Dumaguete City, Negros Oriental, Visayas, Philippines, led by iSeahorse of Project Seahorse. iSeahorse is an iPhone app that allows snorkelers, SCUBA divers, and fishermen to record seahorse sightings so that scientists can gain a better idea of seahorse population sizes and locations. On Day 1 of the conference, we learned how to identify seahorse species native to southeast Asia, which include 10 different species total and 3 species of pygmy seahorses, smaller than a fingernail in size.

The Spiny Seahorse: Hippocampus histrix, identified by its spiny body, nose and cheek spines, and long snout.
The Spiny Seahorse: Hippocampus histrix, identified by its spiny body, nose and cheek spines, and long snout.
The Common Seahorse: Hippocampus kuda, identified by its smooth body, low coronet, and wide abomen region.
The Common Seahorse: Hippocampus kuda, identified by its smooth body, low coronet, and wide abdomen region.

Day 2 of the workshop, was a practical application of seahorse identification skills: SCUBA diving to conduct seahorse surveys.

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My group found 7 different seahorses during two dives, along with a cuttlefish and a pair of ghost pipefish. Each seahorse was measured to record torso length. Depth, habitat details, sex and pregnancy were also important observations. Most seahorses are monogamous and mate for life. Therefore, when we found a female, her male counterpart was usually not far away. Seahorse males possess a brood pouch to hold developing baby seahorses, meaning this is a case of Mr. Mom. Because the male holds growing eggs and gives birth, a female is free to collect food and devote energy to producing more eggs. However, she does visit her counterpart each day to ensure that he is properly carrying the young and to offload the next batch of eggs after he gives birth.

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Day 3, was a discussion of policy regarding seahorse trade and conservation. In the province of Romblon, we hope to use sightings of rare pygmy seahorses, H. bargibanti, H. denise and H. pontohi, to expand protected ocean waters and draw tourists to the province.

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Check out http://www.iSeahorse.org for more info!!

Superheroes & S’mores

Looking for a fun activity night for all ages?!

SUPERHEROES: Each participant got 10 balloons and an oversized long-sleeve shirt with instructions to transform themselves into a superhero.

A Clan of Heroes:
A Clan of Heroes: “The Fearless Fameros”
“Jaw-breaking John” demonstrating the Superhero Activity Challenge
Spiderman meets the Hulk for
Spiderman meets the Hulk for “Colossal Coco”

S’MORES: We took an intermission break from the evening’s movie premier showing of “The Incredibles” for a delicious merienda and simultaneous lesson in American culture: indoor s’mores!

The ingredients. While Americans pronounce
While Americans pronounce “Graham” as “Gram,” Filipinos say, “Gray-ham,” an important clarification when shopping for ingredients.
Fork-skewered mallows roasted over the stove… still tastes like a campfire
Fork-skewered mallows roasted over the stove… still tastes like a campfire
S'mores may have been the highlight of the night. We ate around 5-6 a piece.
S’mores may have been the highlight of the night. We ate around 5-6 a piece.